Energy And Climate Change 2019

Energy And Climate Change
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The university’s attention to the use of energy and climate change issues is the indicator with the highest weighting in this ranking. In our questionnaire we define several indicators for this particular area of concern, i.e. energy efficient appliances usage, the implementation of smart buildings/automation buildings/intelligent buildings, renewable energy usage policy, total electricity use, energy conservation programs, elements of green buildings, climate change adaptation and mitigation programs, greenhouse gas emission reductions policy and carbon footprint. Within these indicators, the university is expected to increase their efforts in energy efficiency in their buildings and to care more about nature and energy resources.

 

[2] Energy and Climate Change (EC) 

       The Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all united nation members. The SDGs are integrated, universal and transformative—that is, they recognize action in one area that will affect outcomes in others, and development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability. Simultaneously, UI GreenMetric World University Ranking is one of the most important organizations which believes that many universities around the world have strong efforts to implement environmentally friendly and sustainable policies and programs. In 2019, the UI GreenMetric World University Ranking has the major important topic which involves the SDGs “Sustainable University in a Changing World: Lessons, Challenges and Opportunities”. The subtopics can be described from Kasetsart University’s concepts as following: Lessons–This suite of lessons looks at the environmental threats to the planet and provides plenty of involving interactive tasks to help people in community understand how they can live more sustainable lives. Particularly, the lesson is defined as one of the most significant procedure to transform the community. Hence, the lesson is one of the most important practices that the university always realizes. Challenges– – Basically, sustainable development is a long- term solution to how the university plans indefinite progress in the future without causing damage to the environment so as to guarantee a safe habitat for the next generations who will continue to develop their economies, societies, and care for the environment with a similar ideal in mind. This satisfies the needs without sabotaging the opportunities of others. The concept covers a broad scope of matters such as environmental, social, and economic development which continues to prove its importance in our lives as it affects all aspects of them. The challenges are so necessary in current environment and they can help in living a more conscious and altruistic life. Kasetsart University has an effort to conduct knowledge resources by integrating with agricultural, environmental management and so on. Opportunities— The Sustainable Development Goals present a unique and critical challenge for universities around the world. But they’re also bringing to light some of the biggest investment opportunities in a generation. There are big opportunities for purposeful development in the universities’ community. By finding better solutions to some of the challenges which are not only helping to achieve the SDGs; they are also opening up substantial growth opportunities, because they are meeting an unmet need and tapping into long- term demand drivers. From the three significant subtopics are the university’s intentions which are steadily and regularly concerned to construct identity of community in Kasetsart University. 

       As it was mentioned earlier, Kasetsart University has intentionally concerned in what the world has being faced and what the university have to necessarily do. Continuously, there are many university’ s policies that relate to enhance quality living of all people in the university and community around us. The mentioned policies earlier, they are called “Three Paradigms of Transformation” which are the main concerns for developing the university. The paradigms are the key elements to integrate people’s cooperation surroundings the community and in Kasetsart University. Firstly, the first paradigm is determined as “ Public Service” which is a significant service intended to serve all members of the community. Latterly, the second paradigm relates to “Social Engagement” which includes activity, interaction, social exchange, and lack of compulsion. The university has built the continuum of community commitment to develop this paradigm such as transactional, transitional and transformational engagement. And the last paradigm is defined as “Agricultural Innovation” which means working process with leading agricultural researchers, businesses, 

       landowners, and farmers to develop the knowledge and technologies that will make modern farming more sustainable, resilient, and productive. Through practical and interactive workshops, farm walks, and on- farm demonstrations, this will help the community to put knowledge into practice. Furthermore, Kasetsart University always realize in constructing a happy, vibrant community, and also making strong social connections that create a sense of belonging. And along with belonging comes a sense of responsibility to support each other. With a strong sense of belonging and knowing other community members will take care of each other comes a sense of peace, security, and meaning. Consequently, the “Three Paradigms of Transformation” are the major factors that can be seen in Kasetsart University’ s activities.    

[2.1] Energy efficient appliances usage (Figure 2.1-1)

Lesson: Best Practice

       Kasetsart University announced the guideline of electrical energy conservation policy for all departments in the university. The principle to use electricity efficiently, cost-effective, and has the greatest benefit which must start from the method of choosing electrical appliances that are effective and suitable for use. As well as, knowing how to use that electric appliances. This is not only helping to save energy but also having a good impact on the public, in terms of preserving nature and the environment. 

Figure 2.1-1 Proactive policy of approach on Green University

       Kasetsart University has a policy on improvement of overall electrical appliances in the university. More than 85 percent of the total electrical equipment in the campus were replaced such as LED light bulbs instead of fluorescent and used energy-saving labels number 5 electrical appliances. (Table 2.1-1) 

Table 2.1-1 Consumption of efficient energy saving equipment.

Remark: 

1. Energy‐saving labels number 5 air conditioner with efficiency rating (EER) of 11.6 or above, according to the
Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
2. Refrigerant used in central air conditioners must be environmentally friendly.
3. Effective fluorescent lamp are T5/ LED lamp.
4. Effective street lights are LED light bulbs

1. Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs at many offices in the campus (Figure 2.1‐2)

Figure 2.1‐2 Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

Figure 2.1‐2 (Cont.) Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

        The information from the EIS system, which installed in the University Library, were used to assess energy consumption of the Library. Using of machinery, energy, and air system within the Library. The meter was installed on the 4th floor of Debaratana Vidhayachote Building. There was a project to set up an EIS energy information promotion point on the 1st floor of the building. So that students can study various energy information Including air quality data of the 4th floor of the building.

Figure 2.1‐3 The graph shows the power consumption

2. Energy‐saving labels number 5air conditionerwith Invertor system can save 20‐30 % of electrical power. (Figure 2.1‐4)

Figure 2.1‐4 Energy‐saving labels number 5 air conditioner with invertor system can save 20‐30 % of electrical power.

3. Changing of LED street lights
Kasetsart University conducted a project on changing of LED street lights. It is brighter and saved 50 – 70 % of electrical consumption. (Figure. 2.1‐5)

Figure. 2.1‐5 Changing of LED street lights

Challenges: 

       Kasetsart University is a higher education institution that pays more attention to the use of energy- saving electrical devices. The University encourages all departments to use LED bulbs instead of traditional bulbs. At present, more than 105,397 bulbs were changed, which is 88.34 % of all bulbs in the University. In addition, 19,009 of energy saving air-conditioners were changed. It is 80 % of all air-conditioner in all campuses. The University set a goal to change to energy saving electric appliances in 3-5 years. 

Therefore, challenge proving is collaboration between students and staff to reduce energy consumption and a promotion on efficient using of energy with 5-10% a year reduction. 

Opportunities: 

       At present, ENCOM LED is a technology for producing energy-saving light bulbs. It is an innovation for efficient lamp production. It does not emit UV rays and heat when operating and safe from mercury, it is more than 40,000 hours of lifespan and help reducing environmental problem. Many forms of innovation and production of energy-saving electrical appliances have operated in the country. This is an opportunity for Kasetsart University to use technology, from the development of efficient electrical appliances, to be useful and suitable for each location. Besides, it is concurrence to the university’s electricity saving policy.

 

       Kasetsart University renovated buildings into ‘Smart Building’ by using Building Automation System (BAS). The BAS will automatically control air conditioning, lighting, fire control, access control, security andelevator control system. (Figure 2.3-1-1)

Figure 2.3-1 Building Automation System (BAS)

Figure 2.3-2 Light, temperature, humidity automatic control system

Figure 2.3-3 Fire alarm automatic control system

Figure 2.4-4 On-off switching censor and automatic door system

Figure 2.3-5 Finger print scanning access system with identification card

Figure 2.3-6 Online CCTV system

Figure 2.3-7 Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline/diesel

Electrical consumption management via the Internet of Things application

       The Faculty of Sports Science has installed devices for electrical consumption management
via the Internet of Things application.

Figure 2.3-8 Electrical consumption management via the Internet of Things application

List and Description of Smart Building Requirements

Note:
       Please state the Building Management System (BMS) / Building Information Modelling (BIM) / Building Automation System (BAS) / Facility Management System (FMS) used in your universityAdapted from ‘UI GreenMetric 2018: Energy and Climate Change Guidelines for Compilation’, by RUS Energia,2019.

Table 2.3-1 Smart building list
Bangkhen

KamphaengSaen Campus

Sriracha Campus

Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus

 

Challenges: 

       Kasetsart University is aware of the design of the new construction, with the objective of being a smart building. The important thing is that the building must respond to the user as completely as possible. Choosing the right technology for users, there are three principles for consideration, namely: economic worthiness, social needs and environmental friendly. Therefore, it can be considered that the smart building is designed appropriately. 

       Kasetsart University has a goal of designing of smart building by using the capabilities of the entire building system, to meet the needs of users for more convenient, having a better overall environment, and be able to maintenance very well and efficiently. In response to, today’s rapidly changing of technology and environment. 

Opportunities: 

       Indoor energy management systems will be more required in the future. In order to meet the increase of energy efficiency even more. Kasetsart University uses the Building Automation System (BAS) together with raising awareness for students and personnel to save energy. Resulting in 5-10% reduction in electric power usage. Currently, there is an Internet of Energy system. The application of IoT-Internet of Things, and energy conservation systems, will help increase energy efficiency, according to the changing environment. The Internet of Energy system consists of a network of smart devices, which has sensors, transceiver, and micro Artificial Intelligence (AI), which can communicate among themselves through communication systems such as the internet and automatically perform operations.

       There are 5 kinds of renewable energy whichKasetsart University set a policy for consumption namely: bio diesel, clean biomass, solar power, wind power and combination of heat and power (biogas). The usage of renewable energy is 148,403 kilowatt in 2019.

  1. Setting of 9 kilowatts solar cell panels for electrical consumption in the university

Solar Cell Panels 9 Kilowatts.

 

ON GRID system

Kasetsart University provided an electrical production from solar cell set for demonstration.

       Solar energy which is a project for teaching and learning of the Faculty of Engineering, Sriracha
campus, with a size of 30 kilowatts and 13 kilowatts.

 

Figure 2.5-1 Solar Power

 

Using of solar power for water pump.

       

Solar energy recycle training station                      Solar energy fills oxygen in water.

Figure 2.5-1(Cont.) Solar Power

Kasetsart University is keeping update and improves the landscape along the Rapee Sakrik Building. The university choose to provide the pathways light with solar power for energy saving.

 

Solar cell lamps along the Rapee Sakrik Building.

 

Figure 2.5-1(Conts.) Solar Power

On 28 March 2018, the 600 upgraded version of ‘Mobike’- smart bicycles were added for service.    The bikes were recreated with stronger and wearable structure, adjustable seat, and chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

  

Figure 2.5-1 (Conts). The latest new version of Mobike for public transport within Bangkhen campus chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

2. Biodiesel production station

 

Sustainable development and sustainable growth

       Kasetsart University produced biodiesel by BTC-150 machine. The BTC-150 has a capacity of 150 liters/ time and develops consecutively to KUB-200 which has a capacity of 200 liters / time, with a capacity of 700 liters / day.

       Kasetsart University joined the pilot project on testing the use of B10 biodiesel under the project “Support the Increasing Proportion of Biodiesel Usage” with the National Metal and Materials Technology Center, National Science and Technology Development Agency. The biodiesel will be used with no less than 10 common cars and welfare buses of Kasetsart University, in order to jointly assess the use of B10 from biodiesel that has been actually increased in the field. Before pushing for the use of B10 biodiesel as a tangible alternative fuel. Also in line with the Green University Project of Kasetsart University, to raise awareness of the biofuel using and reduce pollution caused by operated buses on campuses, especially the nano dust PM 2.5 (Environmental Nano-pollutants: ENP).

A 12hp. & 5-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of biogas, synthesized gas and diesel oil

  

   A 100-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of synthesized gas from a  3-stage and diesel oil gasifier powered by fuel of paddy husk and diesel oil  compressed bar charcoal on process of production

  

3. Biogas production station

       Biogas production station of Kasetsart University produced gas from food waste 400 kg. /day and
converted into heat energy from a gas tank of 15 cubic meters to use in the canteen.

 

Dry broiler manure 4 tons/year Dry manure from 6,500 layer chicken yield 20 tons/year Utilization 12 tons of manure was put into grass plot. 8 tons of manure was put into biogas pit.

      Poultry manure is put into biogas production dome. The biogas is used for electricity generating system of poultry farm. It is also transformed to fertilizer pellet.

7 tons of pig excrement are processed into 12,000 liters of liquid fertilizer for cultivation. It is used 1.5 liters per rai /crop for 8,000 rai of paddy field and 3.5 liters per 3,400 rai of cassava.

Swine manure is put into digester tunnel to produce biogas for in-farm cooking and herbal sauna.

Dairy cattle manure is put into digester tunnel to produce the biogas for in-farm cooking and pasteurized-milk production.

Cattle manure is put into covered digester pit to produce the biogas for farm electricity. It saves electricity cost of the farm.

4. Producing hot gas with a Gasification Stove

       Gasification Stove has a diagram of Figure 1, which is heated to the neck at about 1200 ° C. This hot gas is heated to about 5,000 kilojoules (kJ)., which can be ignited. The composition of the biomass consists of Carbon Monoxide 18-25%, Carbon Dioxide 5-10%, Hydrogen 13-15%, Methane 3-5%, Nitrogen 45-54%, and Steam 10-15%. There is also a hot gas fired furnace with charcoal and biomass as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig 2.

Picture 1 Diagram of Gasification Stove Source: Waste to Energy Ltd.  

Picture 2 gasifier stove with charcoal fuel

5. Usage of wind power

          

 

Challenges: 

       Kasetsart University has set a goal to manage renewable energy concretely in the next 2-3 years. The University will construct the roof of the parking lot, which is a solar power generation system. This system will be used for 15 welfare electric buses of the University for student and personnel transportation services and general public around the university. Apart from installing a solar roof system for electricity generation, the other challenge is establishment of a solar farm on various campuses. This will be a source of learning about clean energy for students and surrounding community. 

Opportunities: 

       At present, the government has a policy to promote more alternative energy for energy security and to reduce rely on energy from petroleum of the country. As a result, these energy sources are expanding a lot. Solar energy, wind energy, and bio-fuels are classified as alternative energy with the highest growth. It is expected that alternative energy will expand, due to better production technology and lower costs. It is an environmental friendly energy. Therefore, it is the reason that the country’s policy focuses on the development of energy from these sources. 

Remark : All activities in 2.1 refer to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the global goals, especially relating to Goal 7 : Affordable and Clean Energy Enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

Table 2.6-1 Overall electrical consumption in 2016 – 2019

Table 2.6-2 Electrical consumption of campuses in 2019

 

 

Figure 2.6-1 Electrical consumption for library research

Challenges: 

       Kasetsart University aims to reduce 5-10% per year of energy using. Departments have to implement specified policies, such as selection of energy-saving electrical devices, organizing training program on energy conservation, raising awareness and participation for students and personnel, and using of various technologies to control electrical system, lighting, air-conditioner for energy saving. 

Opportunities: 

       Nowadays, the overall economy of Thailand is continuously growing. Demanding of electricity of the country is increasing steadily. But the power generating capacity is still not sufficiently responsive. Therefore, the country has to rely on the import of energy from foreign countries. While the energy price in the world market has continuously increased, until affecting the domestic energy situation inevitably. The government, therefore, considered the need to increase the ability to be self-reliant. Additionally, with the current awareness of global warming that requires reducing greenhouse gas emissions, new forms of alternative energy such as solar, water, wind, biomass and biogas are being developed to replace fossil energy. By focusing on clean energy and environmentally friendly. 

  1. The design of the building for ventilation and natural light. (Figure 2.9-1)

 Architectural Building, the Faculty of Architecture

 Lecture Building of the Faculty of Business Administration (Building 4)

 Figure 2.9-1 The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

 Library in the Park

              The Office of the University Library created area between buildings as “Library in the Park” so that students can sit and relax in natural site.

  

  

 

       To respond to the “Green Campus” policy, the Office of the University Library renovated 475 square metres of space (which was damaged from mega flood incident in 2011) within the office to be “Library in the Park”- reading area in natural atmosphere and saving energy for student and staff. Moreover, the Office separated space within the Library in the Park as a site of special event such as “Music in the Park” among variety of botanical garden which comprised of 2 species of plant: Acanthaceae and  Bignoniaceae.

Figure 2.9-1 (Cont) The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

Vajiranusorn Building, Faculty of Agriculture

       Agro-industry Research Operation Building: saving energy building ventilates fresh air inside without air-conditioner and uses transparent windows and walls to save electrical energy.

 

Figure 2.9-1 (Conts.)  The interior design of the university emphasizes on the ventilation  and natural light.

2. The Faculties/Offices of Kasetsart University appointed a sub-committee on energy management to set a policy and plan of energy conservation approach that follow the university’s overall plan and appointed managers of building who can conduct efficiently the plan. (Figure 2.9-2)


 Figure 2.9- 2   Energy Conservation Committee

Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) wins the Thailand Energy Awards 2018

       Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) wins the Thailand Energy Awards 2018 for concept of energy efficient building. Dr. Anamai Damnet, Vice President for Special Projects and Suphan Buri Establishment Campus Project, received the award plaque from Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand Air Chief Marshal Prajin Juntong, The library representative including Dr. Aree Thunkijjanukij and staff of library participated in the award ceremony.

       Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) has been promoting the energy conservation in the library building since 2015-2017, such as installation of paper pulp roof insulation, replacing LED lamps, installing pull-chain light fixtures, installing air exchanger & ventilator equipment. Overall it helps saving the energy up to 501,973 kWh.

       In addition, the 7S Model for Organization Improvement and the transferring of technology and knowledge among 10 members of the Green Library Network have also been implemented. The Thailand Energy Awards 2018, the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency organized the contest to honor those who have outstanding performance in energy conservation and alternative energy development. It promotes awareness of energy conservation and promotes the development of alternative energy. It also creates awareness for those who are involved in applying for sustainable development.

  

Energy and Environment Management Board 7S Green Office and the Green Library Network

       Kasetsart University Library Office organized the training on energy and environmental management project for library’s personnel and users, according to UI Green Metric criteria. This program was held to promote various activities related to energy and environmental conservation, in accordance with the ranking criteria of the UI GreenMetrics Ranking.

Figure 2.9-3 Training Activity on Internal Auditors of Energy, Library

3. The building was rewared which related to the design as the energy consevation building.

       The design of a new building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen received award from the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE). This design passed the Building Energy Code (BEC), standard criteria for efficient energy consumption building evaluation which accredited by DEDE. (Figure 2.9-4)

  

Figure 2.9-4 Lecture Building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen

4. Bidyalankarana Learning Center building, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University received “BEC Awards 2018”. This is the label for energy efficiency standard of new building design.

       The Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) offered the “BEC Awards 2018” to 18 buildings that met the Building Energy Code (BEC) design standard for energy conservation. In 2018, there were only 18 buildings out of 114 buildings from 33 organization were inspected and certified from DEDE.

Bidyalankarana Learning Center building of Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University is a 13-storey building. It has an area of 22,979 square meters, with a height of 69.5 meters and WWR 20% of ratio. This building can save 54% of energy and received a very good building rating.

 

Figure  2.9-5   Bidyalankarana Learning Center building of Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University

5. Kasetsart University has a policy on increasing green area inside and outside of the building

  

Figure  2.9-6 Office of Academic Resources, the Office of Extension and Training Building designed to use natural light.

 

Figure  2.9-7   The garden inside the building

  

Figure 2.9-8  Green Building of the Faculty of Economics and a part of the Institute of Food Research and Product Development.

Figure 2.9-9 The Faculty of Architecture grew ornamental climbing plants on corridor of the building.

University Center Building provides open space light from the sun and airy. The stairs to the 2nd and 3rd floor are designed with translucent glass.

  

 

Figure 2.9-10 University Center Building

Figure 2.10-11Office of the Library at Kamphaeng Saen Campus

Personnel of the Infirmary of Kasetsart University used sunlight instead of turning on the light in the dental room.

Challenges: 

       According to a criteria of Thai Green Building, Kasetsart University has a policy to preserve green spaces by requiring new building size 1,000 square meters or more to have a green roof, green wall or install solar energy, at least 50% of the green roof area totally. All buildings in the university will have natural ventilation system, using a translucent roof, using of shading materials to reduce heat entering the building, and planting trees on the roof. As for the master plan of the university, the buildings that was constructed before, will be renovated. It is another challenge to improve the building to meet the green building criteria. 

Opportunities: 

       Demanding of energy-saving and environmental friendly buildings is increasing in all parts of the country as of the support, promotion and supervision of the government. According to a policy on energy conservation promotion and the Ministerial Regulations on the design of energy conservation buildings issuing in 2009 until reissuing in 2013, the Department of City Planning and Urban Development, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration has issued a new city plan. Which clearly requires that the new building will have to build as environmental friendly in both energy and water saving, as well as increasing green space. This is an opportunity for Kasetsart University to issue regulations on building construction which must be environmental friendly, electricity saving, and remain natural in the area. In addition, using all resources in the building worthwhile and to be a source of learning and observing of students and personnel.

table 2.11-1 Calculation of carbon footprint

 (Kasetsart University Forests)

              Kasetsart University Forests plays an important role in the production of research. student Internship and academic services to the society as well as providing the ecosystem service for students, staff and visitors, as the source of greenhouse gases, water sources, conservation of plants and animals, etc. For the economy and society, it is the food banks, and the hiring place of local workers for distributing of the ecotourism to the community.

              Kasetsart University Forest plays an important role as a recreation area and a source of carbon dioxide. Kasetsart University Forest at Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus is a community food bank for people to collect forest products.

1. Kasetsart University Bangkhen Campus with total area of forest 24.89 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide of 21.25 tons per year.

1) Varunawan Park, 6 rai, absorbs 5.7 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

2) Thai Commemorative Garden, 4.6 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide absorbed 4.37 tons per year.

3) 100 years garden of Luang Suwan Vajokkasikij, 5.25 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide 4.99 tons per year 

4) 60-year garden, 6.52 rai, absorbscarbon 6.19 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

5) Arokaya Utthayan..2.5 rai.., absorbscarbon 2.09 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

 

2. Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus

       His Majesty the King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary Park, the area of 131 rai absorbs 124.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

3. Kasetsart University Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus

       H.M. Queen Sirikit’s 86th Birthday Anniversary Natural Park and Dipterocarp Forest with the area of 931 rai including of variety of species of the plants such as dipterocarp forest, Shorea siamensis Miq.,  Shorea obtuse Wall., Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth., Buchanania latifolia Roxb., Aporusa avillosa Baill., Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. , absorbs 884.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

4. Kasetsart University Sriracha Campus

       Khao Nam Sap, 340 rai of a dry evergreen forest with notable species include Wrightia tomentosa Roem.,Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack.,Nephelium hypoleucum Kurz, absorbs 323 tons of carbon dioxide per year. 

        Assist. Prof. Dr. Ratchot Chompunich, Vice President for Strategic Development and Organizational Communication, Kasetsart University, participated in the event on “Hundred Hearts Unite to Reduce Global Warming” which organized by the Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), and received a certificate from Mr. Thaneadpon Thanaboonyawat, Secretary to the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, which gave to Kasetsart University for organizing the carbon neutral events from the KU President Forum: Celebration of the 76th Anniversary of Kasetsart University. The special event was organized by the Office of the President of Kasetsart University.

       Assist. Prof. Dr. Rattanawan Mungkung, Director, along with researchers of the VGREEN team of the Faculty of Environment, Kasetsart University joined the event “Hundred Hearts Unite to Reduce Global Warming” organized by the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), and received a certificate from Mr. Thaneadpon Thanaboonyawat, Secretary to the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment. Which is given to “Thai People Carbonless Heart (carbon- neutral man)”, from assessing the annual greenhouse gas emission from daily activities, and buying carbon credits to compensate all to zero. This showed responsibility to society and environment, and helped reduce global warming.

       The Green Library Network and the VGREEN team of the Faculty of Environment, Kasetsart University received a certificate of the “Thai People Carbonless Heart (carbon-neutral man)” from assessing the annual greenhouse gas emission from daily activities, and buying carbon credits to compensate all to zero. The “Hundred Hearts Unite to Reduce Global Warming” event was organized by the Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization).

       A training activity for internal energy auditors and the Carbon Footprint training course, under the Energy and Environment Management Program, in accordance with UI Green Metric criteria was organized by the Kasetsart University Library. The objective of the activities was to promote various activities related to energy and environmental conservation for personnel and users of the Kasetsart University Library.

Figure 2.11-1 Carbon Footprint training course      

Figure 2.11-2 The Office of the University Library, KU was the very first carbon neutral library of Thailand.

  

Figure 2.11-3 Carbon footprint corner at the Office of the university library

KU Econ Green Campus

       Kasetsart University is the first certified Thai university by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), under the Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program in forestry and green area category.

 

       Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) organized an event on “Hundreds of Hearts to Reduce Global Warming” on 19 September 2018 at Vibhavadee Ballroom, Centara grand at Central Plaza Ladprao Bangkok. In this regards, H.E. General Surasak Kanchanarat, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand presented a Plaque to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Trin Saengsuwan, Vice President for Kamphaeng Saen Campus for his achievement on KU Eco Green Campus project.

       The project is registered as one of Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER. Owing to Kamphaeng Saen Campus separated area of 235.77 rai within the campus into 3 zones for difference purposes as follows:  Zone 1 – 100 rai of forest area  Zone 2 – forest area   Zone 3 –Yangna tree ( Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb.) planting area

   

KU Forest for Life

       Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus, Kasetsart University received a certificate of the event “Hundred Hearts Unite to Reduce Global Warming” which organized by the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), in the category of Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program (TVER).

What is T-VER?

       Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER was developed by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) or TGO. The purpose is to promote and support all sectors to engage in greenhouse gas reduction voluntarily in order that the carbon credits obtained from the program can be trade. Credits obtained from the program are mainly used for CSR purposes and voluntary carbon offsets of organization and companies in Thailand. The TGO has defined rules and methodology to register and certify for the program that must be contributes to reducing / absorbing greenhouse gases in Thailand.

       The number of 352 Pink Trumpet trees (Tabebuia rosea), or Chompooh Pantip in Thai, at Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Kasetsart University have been registered as the “Heritage of the Land” for the fiscal year 2019. This kind of tree was initiated grown in 1977 by Prof. Dr. Wattana Sathiensawat, the first Vice President for Kamphaeng Saen Campus at that time. He received the seed from Professor Rapee Sagarik, President at that time, which Professor Rapee brought the seeds from Singapore. Professor Wattana considered that growing of big trees would help obstruct strong wind and giving shade for the campus. Therefore, two sides of the roads within Kamphaeng Saen Campus were full of this kind of trees. Begin from the road in front of the Kasetsart University Laboratory School Kamphangsaen Campus Educational Research and Development Center to the Chandrubeksa Gate approximately 3 km. Until now, Pink Trumpet trees are still growing and providing beautiful flowers every year in Kamphaeng Saen campus as these days. 

       On 14 September 2019, Dr. Chongrak Wachrinrat, Acting President of Kasetsart University, together with executive administrators, students, and personnel joined the event “KU Big Cleaning and Planting Trees Day 2019” at the area of Soi Phahon Yothin 45. The purpose of this activities was in honor of the auspicious occasion of the coronation of His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Phra Vajiraklaochaoyuhua in 2019. In addition, lead the representatives of the class of KU 79 students to planted trees at the garden of Rapee Sagarik Building. These activities managed to promote unity and raise awareness of personnel and students of Kasetsart University in taking care of buildings and locations. As well as keeping cleanliness, planting trees and looking after environment, to create a beautiful shady and a good landscape within Kasetsart University, Bang Khen Campus.

 

Challenges: 

       Kasetsart University has a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into atmosphere, both direct and indirect, by supporting of library personnel to compensate for carbon credits and organizing carbon neutral events to help reduce global warming, for example, the KU President Forum: Celebration of the 76th Anniversary of Kasetsart University; the Kaset Fair, with an emphasis on the environment; and the “KU Big Cleaning and Planting Trees Day 2019, which is organized annually. The university aims to reduce greenhouse gas emission into atmosphere from both direct and indirect activities by 5 percent per year. 

Opportunity: 

       Greenhouse gas emit from various activities of human beings continuously. Including energy consumption, agriculture, industrial development and growth, transportation, and deforestation. As well destruction of natural resources and other forms of environment are all important causes of global warming day by day. The said problems became more severe from the effects of global warming. This makes countries, around the world, alert to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Carbon Footprint for Organization or Corporate Carbon Footprint (CCF) is a type of method to display the amount of greenhouse gases emitted from the organization’s operations, which will lead to the determination of management guidelines to reduce greenhouse gas emission effectively, both at the factory level, industrial level, and national level. 

Remark : All activities in 2.11refer to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the global goals, especially relating to Goal 13 Climate Action: Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning 

Energy And Climate Change 2018

Energy And Climate Change
Slider

The university’s attention to the use of energy and climate change issues is the indicator with the highest weighting in this ranking. In our questionnaire we define several indicators for this particular area of concern, i.e. energy efficient appliances usage, the implementation of smart buildings/automation buildings/intelligent buildings, renewable energy usage policy, total electricity use, energy conservation programs, elements of green buildings, climate change adaptation and mitigation programs, greenhouse gas emission reductions policy and carbon footprint. Within these indicators, the university is expected to increase their efforts in energy efficiency in their buildings and to care more about nature and energy resources.

(Figure 2.1-1)

Figure 2.1-1 Proactive policy of approach on Green University

               Kasetsart University has a policy on improvement of overall electrical appliances in the university. More than 85 percent of the total electrical equipment in the campus were replaced such as LED light bulbs instead of fluorescent and used energy-saving labels number 5 electrical appliances. (Table 2.1-1)
Table 2.1-1 Consumption of efficient energy saving equipment.

Remark:

  1. Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with efficiency rating (EER) of 11.6 or above, according to the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
  2. Refrigerant used in central air conditioners must be environmentally friendly.
  3. Effective fluorescent lamp are T5/ LED lamp.
  4. Effective street lights are LED light bulbs
  1. Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs at many offices in the campus (Figure 2.1-2)

 

Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

 

Automatic dim light control equipment             Automatic optical sensor equipment

 

T5 light bulb

Automatic timer optical sensor

Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

 

LED light bulbs                                                  Electronic ballasts

 

 Automatic movement sensor set to turn on the light when in use.

 

     Energy consumption monitor                     Energy measurement system

Figure 2.1-2 Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

               The Faculty of Science has been supported the 3,983 LED Tubes (18 watt/size 120 cm.), from the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency under the Energy Conservation Project in the government sector, fiscal year 2017, which was distributed throughout the faculty of science, with good efficiency and energy saving.
The new Science Laboratory Building is under construction. There are changes to the LED light bulbs as well to save energy and follow the university policy.

 

 

Figure 2.1-3 (Cont.) Switching to the LEDs of the Faculty of Science

 Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with Invertor system can save 20-30 % of electrical power. (Figure 2.1-4)

  

Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner

 

Temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide measuring system

 

Air ventilation system to control carbon dioxide and increase Good air circulation / ventilation

Figure 2.1-4 Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with invertor system can save 20-30 % of electrical power.

  1. Changing of LED street lights

Kasetsart University conducted a project on changing of LED street lights. It is brighter and saved 50 – 70 % of electrical consumption. (Figure. 2.1-5)

  

 

 

  Figure. 2.1-5  Changing of LED street lights

 Kasetsart University renovated buildings into ‘Smart Building’ by using Building Automation System (BAS). The BAS will automatically control air conditioning, lighting, fire control, access control, security and elevator control system. There are currently 31 units of users in the building, totaling 855,640 square meters. (Figure 2.2-1-7)

 

 

Figure 2.2-1 Building Automation System (BAS)

.

Debaratana Vidhayachote Building

 

 Automatic dim light control equipment

Energy consumption monitor

Figure 2.3-2 Light, temperature, humidity automatic control system

The Building Commemorating the 4th Cycle Birthday Anniversary of HRH Princess Chulabhorn

Eco Building, Faculty of Economics

 

The automatic fire alarm system                            Automatic control box.

Figure 2.2-3 Fire alarm automatic control system

On-off switching automatic censor system

Automatic door system

Figure 2.2-4 On-off switching censor and automatic door system

Office of Computer Services, Kasetsart University

.

Finger print scanning access system

 

Staff have to pass the finger print for scanning access system before enter to the Data Center at the Office of Computer Services, KU.

Figure 2.2-5 Finger print scanning access system with identification card

 

Setting of online CCTV system, it can be monitor anytime, anywhere via internet.

Figure 2.2-6 Online CCTV system

 

Gas extinguisher for automatic fire protection

 

Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline in case when electrical power is disruptive or cut off.

Figure 2.2-7 Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline/diesel.

Table 2.2-1 Smart building list

Table 2.2-1 (Cont.)Smart building list

Kasetsart University renovated buildings into ‘Smart Building’ by using Building Automation System (BAS). The BAS will automatically control air conditioning, lighting, fire control, access control, security and elevator control system. There are currently 31 units of users in the building, totaling 855,640 square meters. (Figure 2.3-1-7)

 

   

Figure 2.3-1 Building Automation System (BAS)

Debaratana Vidhayachote Building

   

Automatic dim light control equipment

Energy consumption monitor

Figure 2.3-2 Light, temperature, humidity automatic control system

The Building Commemorating the 4th Cycle Birthday Anniversary of HRH Princess Chulabhorn

Eco Building, Faculty of Economics

 

The automatic fire alarm system                     Automatic control box.

Figure 2.3-3 Fire alarm automatic control system

On-off switching automatic censor system

Automatic door system

Figure 2.3-4 On-off switching censor and automatic door system

Office of Computer Services, Kasetsart University

Finger print scanning access system

   

Staff have to pass the finger print for scanning access system before enter to the Data Center at the Office of Computer Services, KU.

Figure 2.3-5 Finger print scanning access system with identification card

         

Setting of online CCTV system, it can be monitor anytime, anywhere via internet.

Figure 2.3-6 Online CCTV system

Gas extinguisher for automatic fire protection

 

Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline in case when electrical power is disruptive or cut off.

Figure 2.3-7 Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline/diesel.

Table 2.3-1 Smart building list

Table 2.3-1 (Cont.)Smart building list

There are 5 kinds of renewable energy which Kasetsart University set a policy for consumption namely: bio diesel, clean biomass, solar power, wind power and combination of heat and power (biogas).      The usage of renewable energy is 128,503 kilowatt in 2018.

  1. Setting of 9 kilowatts solar cell panels for electrical consumption in the university

Solar Cell Panels 9 Kilowatts.

      

ON GRID system

Kasetsart University provided an electrical production from solar cell set for demonstration.

      

Solar Cell Panels 30 Kilowatts.

Figure 2.4-1 Solar Power

     

Using of solar power for water pump.

       

Solar energy recycle training station                      Solar energy fills oxygen in water.

Figure 2.4-1(Cont.) Solar Power

Kasetsart University is keeping update and improves the landscape along the Rapee Sakrik Building. The university choose to provide the pathways light with solar power for energy saving.

         

Solar cell lamps along the Rapee Sakrik Building.

         

Figure 2.4-1(Conts.) Solar Power

On 28 March 2018, the 600 upgraded version of ‘Mobike’- smart bicycles were added for service.    The bikes were recreated with stronger and wearable structure, adjustable seat, and chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

  

Figure 2.4-1 (Conts). The latest new version of Mobike for public transport within Bangkhen campus chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

  1. Biodiesel production station

       

Sustainable development and sustainable growth

Kasetsart University produced biodiesel by BTC-150 machine. The BTC-150 has a capacity of 150 liters/ time and develops consecutively to KUB-200 which has a capacity of 200 liters / time, with a capacity of 700 liters / day.

                        

BTC-150                                    KUB-200

A 12 hp. & 5-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of biogas, synthesized gas and diesel oil

  

   A 100-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of synthesized gas from a  3-stage and diesel oil gasifier powered by fuel of paddy husk and diesel oil  compressed bar charcoal on process of production

  

   Biogas production station

Biogas production station of Kasetsart University produced gas from food waste 400 kg. /day and converted into heat energy from a gas tank of 15 cubic meters to use in the canteen.

        

Dry broiler manure 4 tons/year Dry manure from 6,500 layer chicken yield 20 tons/year Utilization 12 tons of manure was put into grass plot. 8 tons of manure was put into biogas pit.

      Poultry manure is put into biogas production dome. The biogas is used for electricity generating system of poultry farm. It is also transformed to fertilizer pellet.

7 tons of pig excrement are processed into 12,000 liters of liquid fertilizer for cultivation. It is used 1.5 liters per rai /crop for 8,000 rai of paddy field and 3.5 liters per 3,400 rai of cassava.

Swine manure is put into digester tunnel to produce biogas for in-farm cooking and herbal sauna.

Dairy cattle manure is put into digester tunnel to produce the biogas for in-farm cooking and pasteurized-milk production.

Cattle manure is put into covered digester pit to produce the biogas for farm electricity. It saves electricity cost of the farm.

  1. Producing hot gas with a Gasification Stove

Gasification Stove has a diagram of Figure 1, which is heated to the neck at about 1200 ° C. This hot gas is heated to about 5,000 kilojoules (kJ)., which can be ignited. The composition of the biomass consists of Carbon Monoxide 18-25%, Carbon Dioxide 5-10%, Hydrogen 13-15%, Methane 3-5%, Nitrogen 45-54%, and Steam 10-15%. There is also a hot gas fired furnace with charcoal and biomass as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig 2.

Picture 1 Diagram of Gasification Stove Source: Waste to Energy Ltd.

Picture 2 gasifier stove with charcoal fuel

       5. Usage of wind power

         

  

There are 5 kinds of renewable energy which Kasetsart University set a policy for consumption namely: bio diesel, clean biomass, solar power, wind power and combination of heat and power (biogas).  The usage of renewable energy is 128,503 kilowatt in 2018.

  1. Setting of 9 kilowatts solar cell panels for electrical consumption in the university

Solar Cell Panels 9 Kilowatts.

 

ON GRID system

Kasetsart University provided an electrical production from solar cell set for demonstration.

 

Solar Cell Panels 30 Kilowatts.

Figure 2.5-1 Solar Power

 

Using of solar power for water pump.

       

Solar energy recycle training station                      Solar energy fills oxygen in water.

Figure 2.5-1(Cont.) Solar Power

Kasetsart University is keeping update and improves the landscape along the Rapee Sakrik Building. The university choose to provide the pathways light with solar power for energy saving.

 

Solar cell lamps along the Rapee Sakrik Building.

 

Figure 2.5-1(Conts.) Solar Power

On 28 March 2018, the 600 upgraded version of ‘Mobike’- smart bicycles were added for service.    The bikes were recreated with stronger and wearable structure, adjustable seat, and chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

  

Figure 2.5-1 (Conts). The latest new version of Mobike for public transport within Bangkhen campus chargeable solar cell electricity for GPS and unlock system.

  1. Biodiesel production station

 

Sustainable development and sustainable growth

Kasetsart University produced biodiesel by BTC-150 machine. The BTC-150 has a capacity of 150 liters/ time and develops consecutively to KUB-200 which has a capacity of 200 liters / time, with a capacity of 700 liters / day.

                        

BTC-150                                    KUB-200

A 12 hp. & 5-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of biogas, synthesized gas and diesel oil

  

   A 100-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of synthesized gas from a  3-stage and diesel oil gasifier powered by fuel of paddy husk and diesel oil  compressed bar charcoal on process of production

  

         3.  Biogas production station

Biogas production station of Kasetsart University produced gas from food waste 400 kg. /day and converted into heat energy from a gas tank of 15 cubic meters to use in the canteen.

 

Dry broiler manure 4 tons/year Dry manure from 6,500 layer chicken yield 20 tons/year Utilization 12 tons of manure was put into grass plot. 8 tons of manure was put into biogas pit.

      Poultry manure is put into biogas production dome. The biogas is used for electricity generating system of poultry farm. It is also transformed to fertilizer pellet.

7 tons of pig excrement are processed into 12,000 liters of liquid fertilizer for cultivation. It is used 1.5 liters per rai /crop for 8,000 rai of paddy field and 3.5 liters per 3,400 rai of cassava.

Swine manure is put into digester tunnel to produce biogas for in-farm cooking and herbal sauna.

Dairy cattle manure is put into digester tunnel to produce the biogas for in-farm cooking and pasteurized-milk production.

Cattle manure is put into covered digester pit to produce the biogas for farm electricity. It saves electricity cost of the farm.

  1. Producing hot gas with a Gasification Stove

Gasification Stove has a diagram of Figure 1, which is heated to the neck at about 1200 ° C. This hot gas is heated to about 5,000 kilojoules (kJ)., which can be ignited. The composition of the biomass consists of Carbon Monoxide 18-25%, Carbon Dioxide 5-10%, Hydrogen 13-15%, Methane 3-5%, Nitrogen 45-54%, and Steam 10-15%. There is also a hot gas fired furnace with charcoal and biomass as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig 2.

Picture 1 Diagram of Gasification Stove Source: Waste to Energy Ltd.  

Picture 2 gasifier stove with charcoal fuel

       5. Usage of wind power

          

 

Table 2.6-1 Overall electrical consumption in 2016 – 2018

Table 2.6-2 Electrical consumption of campuses in  2018

 

 

Figure 2.6-1 Electrical consumption for library research

Table 2.7-1 Overall electrical consumption in 2016 – 2018

Figure 2.7-1 Electrical consumption for library research

  

  

Figure 2.7-1 Electrical consumption for library research

There are 5 kinds of renewable energy which Kasetsart University set a policy for consumption namely: bio diesel, clean biomass, solar power, wind power and combination of heat and power (biogas).      The usage of renewable energy is 128,503 kilowatt in 2018.

Table 2.8-2 Electrical consumption of campuses in  2018

The design of the building for ventilation and natural light. (Figure 2.9-1)

 Architectural Building, the Faculty of Architecture

 Lecture Building of the Faculty of Business Administration (Building 4)

 Figure 2.9-1 The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

 Library in the Park

              The Office of the University Library created area between buildings as “Library in the Park” so that students can sit and relax in natural site.

  

  

 

To respond to the “Green Campus” policy, the Office of the University Library renovated 475 square metres of space (which was damaged from mega flood incident in 2011) within the office to be “Library in the Park”- reading area in natural atmosphere and saving energy for student and staff. Moreover, the Office separated space within the Library in the Park as a site of special event such as “Music in the Park” among variety of botanical garden which comprised of 2 species of plant: Acanthaceae and  Bignoniaceae.

Figure 2.9-1 (Cont) The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

Vajiranusorn Building, Faculty of Agriculture

 Agro-industry Research Operation Building: saving energy building ventilates fresh air inside without air-conditioner and uses transparent windows and walls to save electrical energy.

 

Figure 2.9-1 (Conts.)  The interior design of the university emphasizes on the ventilation  and natural light.

  The Faculties/Offices of Kasetsart University appointed a sub-committee on energy management to set a policy and plan of energy conservation approach that follow the university’s overall plan and appointed managers of building who can conduct efficiently the plan. (Figure 2.9-2)

    

 Figure 2.9- 2   Energy Conservation Committee

Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) wins the Thailand Energy Awards 2018

Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) wins the Thailand Energy Awards 2018 for concept of energy efficient building. Dr. Anamai Damnet, Vice President for Special Projects and Suphan Buri Establishment Campus Project, received the award plaque from Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand Air Chief Marshal Prajin Juntong, The library representative including Dr. Aree Thunkijjanukij and staff of library participated in the award ceremony.

Kasetsart University Library/Learning Center (KULC) has been promoting the energy conservation in the library building since 2015-2017, such as installation of paper pulp roof insulation, replacing LED lamps, installing pull-chain light fixtures, installing air exchanger & ventilator equipment. Overall it helps saving the energy up to 501,973 kWh.

In addition, the 7S Model for Organization Improvement and the transferring of technology and knowledge among 10 members of the Green Library Network have also been implemented. The Thailand Energy Awards 2018, the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency organized the contest to honor those who have outstanding performance in energy conservation and alternative energy development. It promotes awareness of energy conservation and promotes the development of alternative energy. It also creates awareness for those who are involved in applying for sustainable development.

  

Energy and Environment Management Board 7S Green Office and the Green Library Network

  1. The building was rewared which related to the design as the energy consevation building

The design of a new building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen received award from the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE).

This design passed the Building Energy Code (BEC), standard criteria for efficient energy consumption building evaluation which accredited by DEDE. (Figure 2.9-3)

  

Figure 2.9-3 Lecture Building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen

  1. Bidyalankarana Learning Center building, Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University received “BEC Awards 2018”. This is the label for energy efficiency standard of new building design.

The Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) offered the “BEC Awards 2018” to 18 buildings that met the Building Energy Code (BEC) design standard for energy conservation. In 2018, there were only 18 buildings out of 114 buildings from 33 organization were inspected and certified from DEDE.

Bidyalankarana Learning Center building of Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University is a 13-storey building. It has an area of ​​22,979 square meters, with a height of 69.5 meters and WWR 20% of ratio. This building can save 54% of energy and received a very good building rating.

 

Figure  2.9-4   Bidyalankarana Learning Center building of Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University

  1. Kasetsart University has a policy on increasing green area inside and outside of the building

  

Figure  2.9-5 Office of Academic Resources, the Office of Extension and Training Building designed to use natural light.

 

Figure  2.97   The garden inside the building

  

Figure 2.9-6  Green Building of the Faculty of Economics and a part of the Institute of Food Research and Product Development.

Figure 2.9-8 The Faculty of Architecture grew ornamental climbing plants on corridor of the building.

University Center Building provides open space light from the sun and airy. The stairs to the 2nd and 3rd floor are designed with translucent glass.

  

 

Figure 2.9-9 University Center Building

 

Figure 2.910  Office of the Library at Kamphaeng Saen Campus

Example of Carbon Footprint

table  2.11-1  Calculation of carbon footprint

 (Kasetsart University Forests)

              Kasetsart University Forests plays an important role in the production of research. student Internship and academic services to the society as well as providing the ecosystem service for students, staff and visitors, as the source of greenhouse gases, water sources, conservation of plants and animals, etc. For the economy and society, it is the food banks, and the hiring place of local workers for distributing of the ecotourism to the community.

              Kasetsart University Forest plays an important role as a recreation area and a source of carbon dioxide. Kasetsart University Forest at Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus is a community food bank for people to collect forest products.

  1. Kasetsart University Bangkhen Campus with total area of forest 22.37 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide of 21.25 tons per year.

1) Varunawan Park, 6 rai, absorbs 5.7 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

2) Thai Commemorative Garden, 4.6 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide absorbed 4.37 tons per year.

3) 100 years garden of Luang Suwan Vajokkasikij, 5.25 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide 4.99 tons per year

4) 60-year garden, 6.52 rai, absorbs 6.19 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

.

 

  1. Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus

His Majesty the King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary Park, the area of 131 rai absorbs 124.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

  1. Kasetsart University Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus

H.M. Queen Sirikit’s 86th Birthday Anniversary Natural Park and Dipterocarp Forest with the area of 931 rai including of variety of species of the plants such as dipterocarp forest, Shorea siamensis Miq.,  Shorea obtuse Wall., Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth., Buchanania latifolia Roxb., Aporusa avillosa Baill., Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. , absorbs 884.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

  1. Kasetsart University Sriracha Campus

Khao Nam Sap, 340 rai of a dry evergreen forest with notable species include โมกมัน Wrightia tomentosa Roem., Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack., Nephelium hypoleucum Kurz, absorbs 323 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

The Office of the President, the Office of the University Library and VGREEN, Faculty of Environment received “Carbon Neutral Man” and “Carbon Neutral” awards from Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Control

         

Figure 2.11-1 The Office of the University Library, KU was the very first carbon neutral library of Thailand.

            

Figure 2.11-2 Carbon footprint corner at the Office of the university library

KU Econ Green Campus

Kasetsart University is the first certified Thai university by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), under the Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program in forestry and green area category.

 

              Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) organized an event on “Hundreds of Hearts to Reduce Global Warming” on 19 September 2018 at Vibhavadee Ballroom, Centara grand at Central Plaza Ladprao Bangkok. In this regards, H.E. General Surasak Kanchanarat, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand presented a Plaque to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Trin Saengsuwan, Vice President for Kamphaeng Saen Campus for his achievement on KU Eco Green Campus project.

The project is registered as one of Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER. Owing to Kamphaeng Saen Campus separated area of 235.77 rai within the campus into 3 zones for difference purposes as follows:  Zone 1 – 100 rai of forest area  Zone 2 – forest area   Zone 3 –Yangna tree ( Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb.) planting area

          

What is T-VER?

Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER was developed by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) or TGO. The purpose is to promote and support all sectors to engage in greenhouse gas reduction voluntarily in order that the carbon credits obtained from the program can be trade.  Credits obtained from the program are mainly used for CSR purposes and voluntary carbon offsets of organization and companies in Thailand. The TGO has defined rules and methodology to register and certify for the program that must be contributes to reducing / absorbing greenhouse gases in Thailand.

           

Example of Carbon Footprint

table  2.12-1  Calculation of carbon footprint

 (Kasetsart University Forests)

                Kasetsart University Forests plays an important role in the production of research. student Internship and academic services to the society as well as providing the ecosystem service for students, staff and visitors, as the source of greenhouse gases, water sources, conservation of plants and animals, etc. For the economy and society, it is the food banks, and the hiring place of local workers for distributing of the ecotourism to the community.

                 Kasetsart University Forest plays an important role as a recreation area and a source of carbon dioxide. Kasetsart University Forest at Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus is a community food bank for people to collect forest products.

  1. Kasetsart University Bangkhen Campus with total area of forest 22.37 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide of 21.25 tons per year.

1) Varunawan Park, 6 rai, absorbs 5.7 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

2) Thai Commemorative Garden, 4.6 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide absorbed 4.37 tons per year.

3) 100 years garden of Luang Suwan Vajokkasikij, 5.25 rai, absorbs carbon dioxide 4.99 tons per year

4) 60-year garden, 6.52 rai, absorbs 6.19 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

.

 

  1. Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus

His Majesty the King’s 80th Birthday Anniversary Park, the area of 131 rai absorbs 124.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

  1. Kasetsart University Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus

H.M. Queen Sirikit’s 86th Birthday Anniversary Natural Park and Dipterocarp Forest with the area of 931 rai including of variety of species of the plants such as dipterocarp forest, Shorea siamensis Miq.,  Shorea obtuse Wall., Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth., Buchanania latifolia Roxb., Aporusa avillosa Baill., Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. , absorbs 884.45 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

  1. Kasetsart University Sriracha Campus

Khao Nam Sap, 340 rai of a dry evergreen forest with notable species include โมกมัน Wrightia tomentosa Roem., Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack., Nephelium hypoleucum Kurz, absorbs 323 tons of carbon dioxide per year.

The Office of the President, the Office of the University Library and VGREEN, Faculty of Environment received “Carbon Neutral Man” and “Carbon Neutral” awards from Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Control

 

Figure 2.12-1 The Office of the University Library, KU was the very first carbon neutral library of Thailand.

   

Figure 2.12-2 Carbon footprint corner at the Office of the university library

KU Econ Green Campus

Kasetsart University is the first certified Thai university by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization), under the Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program in forestry and green area category.

 

                Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) organized an event on “Hundreds of Hearts to Reduce Global Warming” on 19 September 2018 at Vibhavadee Ballroom, Centara grand at Central Plaza Ladprao Bangkok. In this regards, H.E. General Surasak Kanchanarat, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand presented a Plaque to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Trin Saengsuwan, Vice President for Kamphaeng Saen Campus for his achievement on KU Eco Green Campus project.

The project is registered as one of Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER. Owing to Kamphaeng Saen Campus separated area of 235.77 rai within the campus into 3 zones for difference purposes as follows:  Zone 1 – 100 rai of forest area  Zone 2 – forest area   Zone 3 –Yangna tree ( Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb.) planting area

 

What is T-VER?

Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program or T-VER was developed by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) or TGO. The purpose is to promote and support all sectors to engage in greenhouse gas reduction voluntarily in order that the carbon credits obtained from the program can be trade.  Credits obtained from the program are mainly used for CSR purposes and voluntary carbon offsets of organization and companies in Thailand. The TGO has defined rules and methodology to register and certify for the program that must be contributes to reducing / absorbing greenhouse gases in Thailand.

 

Energy And Climate Change 2017

Energy And Climate Change
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The university’s attention to the use of energy and climate change issues is the indicator with the highest weighting in this ranking. In our questionnaire we define several indicators for this particular area of concern, i.e. energy efficient appliances usage, the implementation of smart buildings/automation buildings/intelligent buildings, renewable energy usage policy, total electricity use, energy conservation programs, elements of green buildings, climate change adaptation and mitigation programs, greenhouse gas emission reductions policy and carbon footprint. Within these indicators, the university is expected to increase their efforts in energy efficiency in their buildings and to care more about nature and energy resources.

(Figure 2.1-1)

Figure 2.1-1 Proactive policy of approach on Green University

               Kasetsart University has a policy on improvement of overall electrical appliances in the university. More than 85 percent of the total electrical equipment in the campus were replaced such as LED light bulbs instead of fluorescent and used energy-saving labels number 5 electrical appliances. (Table 2.1-1)
Table 2.1-1 Consumption of efficient energy saving equipment.

Remark:

  1. Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with efficiency rating (EER) of 11.6 or above, according to the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
  2. Refrigerant used in central air conditioners must be environmentally friendly.
  3. Effective fluorescent lamp are T5/ LED lamp.
  4. Effective street lights are LED light bulbs
  1. Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs at many offices in the campus (Figure 2.1-2)

 

Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

Automatic dim light control equipment

  

Automatic optical sensor equipment

T5 light bulb

Automatic timer optical sensor

Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

 

LED light bulbs                                                  Electronic ballasts

 

 Automatic movement sensor set to turn on the light when in use.

 

     Energy consumption monitor                     Energy measurement system

Figure 2.1-2 Changing of LED and T5 light bulbs

               The Faculty of Science has been supported the 3,983 LED Tubes (18 watt/size 120 cm.), from the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency under the Energy Conservation Project in the government sector, fiscal year 2017, which was distributed throughout the faculty of science, with good efficiency and energy saving.
The new Science Laboratory Building is under construction. There are changes to the LED light bulbs as well to save energy and follow the university policy.

 

 

Figure 2.1-3 (Cont.) Switching to the LEDs of the Faculty of Science

 Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with Invertor system can save 20-30 % of electrical power. (Figure 2.1-4)

  

Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner

 

Temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide measuring system

 

Air ventilation system to control carbon dioxide and increase Good air circulation / ventilation

Figure 2.1-4 Energy-saving labels number 5 air conditioner with invertor system can save 20-30 % of electrical power.

  1. Changing of LED street lights

Kasetsart University conducted a project on changing of LED street lights. It is brighter and saved 50 – 70 % of electrical consumption. (Figure. 2.1-5)

  

 

 

  Figure. 2.1-5  Changing of LED street lights

 Kasetsart University renovated buildings into ‘Smart Building’ by using Building Automation System (BAS). The BAS will automatically control air conditioning, lighting, fire control, access control, security and elevator control system. There are currently 31 units of users in the building, totaling 855,640 square meters. (Figure 2.2-1-7)

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Figure 2.2-1 Building Automation System (BAS)

Debaratana Vidhayachote Building

 

 Automatic dim light control equipment

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Energy consumption monitor

Figure 2.3-2 Light, temperature, humidity automatic control system

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The Building Commemorating the 4th Cycle Birthday Anniversary of HRH Princess Chulabhorn

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Eco Building, Faculty of Economics

           

The automatic fire alarm system                            Automatic control box.

Figure 2.2-3 Fire alarm automatic control system

On-off switching automatic censor system

Automatic door system

Figure 2.2-4 On-off switching censor and automatic door system

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Office of Computer Services, Kasetsart University

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Finger print scanning access system

 

Staff have to pass the finger print for scanning access system before enter to the Data Center at the Office of Computer Services, KU.

Figure 2.2-5 Finger print scanning access system with identification card

 

Setting of online CCTV system, it can be monitor anytime, anywhere via internet.

Figure 2.2-6 Online CCTV system

 

Gas extinguisher for automatic fire protection

 

Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline in case when electrical power is disruptive or cut off.

Figure 2.2-7 Automatic fire engine system runs by gasoline/diesel.

Table 2.2-1 Smart building list

Table 2.2-1 (Cont.)Smart building list

            There are 5 kinds of renewable energy that Kasetsart University set a policy for consumption namely: bio diesel, clean biomass, solar power, wind power and combination heat and power (biogas). The usage of renewable energy is 118, 103 kilowatt in 2017. 

1. Setting of 9 kilowatts solar cell panels for electrical consumption in the University

Solar Cell Panels 9 Kilowatts.

ON GRID system

The University provided an electrical production from solar cell set for demonstration. 

Figure 2.3-1 Solar Power

Using of solar power for water pump.

Solar energy recycle training station                                              Solar energy fills oxygen in water.

Figure 2.3-1(Cont.) Solar Power

          Kasetsart University is keeping update and improves the landscape along the Rapee Sakrik Building. The university choose to provide the pathways ‘light with solar power for energy saving.

Pictures of solar cell lamps along the Rapee Sakrik Building.

Figure 2.3-1(Conts.) Solar Power

2. Biodiesel production station

Sustainable development and sustainable growth

Kasetsart University produced biodiesel by BTC-150 machine. The BTC-150 has a capacity of 150 liters / time and develop consecutively to KUB-200 which has a capacity of 200 liters / time, with a capacity of 700 liters / day.

Figure 2.3-2  Vehicle Building and Physical Plant Division introduced KU biodiesel production station.

A 12hp. & 5-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of biogas, synthesized gas and diesel oil

A 100-kw.- farm generator powered by integrated fuels of synthesized gas from a 3-stage and diesel oil gasifier powered by fuel of paddy husk and diesel oil compressed bar charcoal on process of production

3. Biogas production station

Biogas production station of Kasetsart University produced gas from food waste 400 kg. /day and converted into heat energy from a gas tank of 15 cubic meters to use in the canteen.

Poultry manure is put into biogas production dome. The biogas is used for electricity generating system of poultry farm. It is also transformed to fertilizer pellet.

7 tons of pig excrement are processed into 12,000 liters of liquid fertilizer for cultivation. It is used 1.5 liters per rai /crop for 8,000 rai of paddy field and 3.5 liters per 3,400 rai of cassava.

Swine manure is put into digester tunnel to produce biogas for in-farm cooking and herbal sauna.

Dairy cattle manure is put into digester tunnel to produce the biogas for in-farm cooking and pasteurized-milk production.

Cattle manure is put into covered digester pit to produce the biogas for farm electricity. It saves electricity cost of the farm. 

4. Usage of wind power

Renewable energy is our main policy, namely: solar energy wind turbine and bio-gas pump engine. A good example is that solar energy is the power source for water planting.

Table 2.4-1 Overall electrical consumption in 2015 – 2017

Table 2.4-2 Electrical consumption of campuses in 2017

 

Figure 2.4-1 Electrical consumption for library research 

1.  The design of the building for ventilation and natural light.

 Architectural Building, the Faculty of Architecture

 Lecture Building of the Faculty of Business Administration (Building 4)

 Figure 2.6-1 The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

 Library in the Park

           The Office of the University Library created area between buildings as “Library in the Park” so that students can sit and relax in natural site.

 

 

 

To respond to the “Green Campus” policy, the Office of the University Library renovated 475 square metres of space (which was damaged from mega flood incident in 2011) within the office to be “Library in the Park”- reading area in natural atmosphere and saving energy for student and staff. Moreover, the Office separated space within the Library in the Park as a site of special event such as “Music in the Park” among variety of botanical garden which comprised of 2 species of plant: Acanthaceae and  Bignoniaceae.

Figure 2.6-1 (Cont) The interior design of the university emphasize on the ventilation and natural light.

Vajiranusorn Building, Faculty of Agriculture

 Agro-industry Research Operation Building: saving energy building ventilates fresh air inside without air-conditioner and uses transparent windows and walls to save electrical energy.

 

Figure 2.6-1 (Conts.)  The interior design of the university emphasizes on the ventilation  and natural light.

2. The Faculties/Offices of Kasetsart University appointed a sub-committee on energy management to set a policy and plan of energy conservation approach that follow the university’s overall plan and appointed managers of building who can conduct efficiently the plan. (Figure 4.1-1)

    

 Figure 2.6-2   Energy Conservation Committee

3. The building was rewared which related to the design as the energy consevation building

The design of a new building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen received award from the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE). This design passed the Building Energy Code (BEC), standard criteria for efficient energy consumption building evaluation which accredited by DEDE. (Figure 2.6-3)

Figure 2.6-3 Lecture building of the Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaeng Saen

Figure  2.6-4 Eco building of the Faculty of Economics

4. KU has a policy on increasing green area inside and outside of the building

  

Figure  2.6-5 Office of Academic Resources, the Office of Extension and Training Building designed to use natural light.

 

Figure  2.6-6   The garden inside the building

  

Figure 2.6-7  Green Building of the Faculty of Economics and a part of the Institute of Food Research an Product Development

Figure 2.6-8 The Faculty of Architecture grew ornamental climbing plants on corridor of the building.

1. Planting trees to absorb carbon dioxide

Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn presided over the opening ceremony of Young Farmer Assembly 2017 at Kamphaeng Saen Campus. In this regard, HRH Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn planted a Pink trumpet tree or Tabebuia rosea as a commemoration. (Fig. 2.7-1)

Figure 2.7-1 HRH Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn planted a Pink trumpet tree or Tabebuia rosea

‘KU Big Cleaning & Planting Day’ is an annual event of the University. It has been organized for 22 years since 1995. For this year, administrator, staff and students joined this event on 2 September 2017 to clean up their offices and together planted trees for better environment of four campuses of the University. (Fig. 2.7-2)

Figure 2.7-2 KU Big Cleaning & Planting Day 2017

Figure 2.7-3 Faculty and students of Kasetsart University In collaboration with students from the National Defence College of Thailand together planted Pink trumpet trees.

Figure 2.7-4 Rice cultivation activities In the area of 15 rai on Mother’s Day 2017 at Kamphaeng Saen Campus.

Figure 2.7-5 The 473 freshmen students

Campus Day Activities in honor of His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebaya varangkun on auspicious occasion 65th Birthday Anniversary (planting 4,491 trees on 100 rais) (Fig. 2.7-6)

Figure 2.7-6 Planting activity for 100 rai of trees on the auspicious occasion of 65th Birthday of His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.

2. Activity on biking to reduce emission of co2

Figure 2.7-1 Biking for health

Figure 2.7-2 Biking activity of rice cultivation on Mother’s Day

3. Maintenance of air conditioner for reduction of greenhouse gas emission and energy saving 

There are steps of air conditioner checking as follows: air conditioner’s refrigerant checking, high and low pressure checking and keeps the pressures in the standard level, and measure for electrical power consumption of air conditioners by checking of electrical current of compressor. (Fig. 2.7-3)

Figure 2.7-3 Cleaning air conditioner to reduce energy consumption.

4. Using of R-123 or HCFC-123 refrigerant

The R-123 or HCFC-123 refrigerant is a kind of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC). It is low ozone depletion potential (ODP). R-123 has 0.012 or 1.2% ODP of R-11(CFC-11). It means that R-123 has lowest rate of ODP out of all HCFC. (Fig. 2.7-4 and 2.7-5)

Figure 2.7-4  Non-CFC refrigerant,  HCFC – 123   liquid refrigerant.

Figure 2.7-5 Cooling system which save more water.

5. Travel style within the campus to reduce carbon dioxide emission

KU’s staff drive electric golf cart instead of van to participate in many event such as meeting, seminar or others so that to reduce carbon dioxide emission. (Fig. 2.7-6)

Figure 2.7-6 Electric golf cart for travel within the campus.

Campaigns on carpool can save energy run by KU students  such as “One car, two people can save energy” and “Helmet wearing save life, save energy by GREEN RANGER”. The campaign rally at flea markets around the campus. (Fig. 2.7-7, 2.7-8 and 2.7-9)

Figure 2.7-7 Campaign rally by KU students to reduce CO2  emission from motorcycle.

Figure 2.7-8 KU students joined a campaign on water and electrical consumption saving to reduce global warming.

Figure 2.7-9 Sticker campaign on switch off the light when not in use, It is electrical energy saving and reduce greenhouse gas emission.

table  2.8-1 Calculation of carbon footprint

The Office of the President, the Office of the University Library and VGREEN, KU of the Faculty of Environment received “Carbon Neutral Man” and “Carbon Neutral” awards from Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment control (Fig. 2.8-1)

Figure 2.8-1 The Office of the University Library, KU was the very first Carbon Neutral library of Thailand.

Figure 2.8-2 Carbon footprint corner at the Office of the University Library.